What should be considered when selecting toys and play materials?

What should be considered when selecting toys and play materials?

As a teacher, picking out new items for your classroom is always exciting (and a little nerve wracking). You want to find items that not only do children love using but that are also educational and developmentally appropriate. Realistically, not every item you pick for your classroom will be an instant hit with the children in your care, but selecting the right items for your classroom can have a positive effect on the overall learning environment.

There are a variety of factors you should consider when picking out items for the children in your care to use–safety, cost, and durability are just three examples. Use the following list of criteria for choosing items for children's use from Early Learning Environments That Work to ensure that you pick safe and engaging items for students to use:

  1. Items should be attractive to children and pleasing to the eye and touch.

    Children love color and items that support multisensory play and learning. Items that meet this criterion will capture children's attention and will also be a great addition to the look and feel of your classroom.
  2. Items should retain children's interest.

    Once items capture children's attention, it's also important that they are able to retain children's interest over time. Are the items you're considering likely to be played with or used once and then be disregarded? Or will they likely be used continuously? Remember to choose items that are developmentally appropriate and support children's learning.
  3. Items should have multiple or open-ended uses.

    Having multiple or open-ended uses is one way items can retain children's interest. K'Motion Stools and Magna-Tiles® are both great examples of items that can be used in various ways to encourage learning in the classroom.
  4. Items should be sturdy and durable.

    To ensure safety in the classroom, the items you select for children to use should be sturdy and durable. Do the items you're considering look flimsy or are they made of flimsy material? Do the items look like they are able to withstand constant use?
  5. Items should be washable or easy to clean.

    Accidents and messes are bound to happen in the classroom, so items that are washable and easy to clean will make your life easier and will also be easier on your budget since they likely won't have to be replaced if something is spilled on them.
  6. Items should have a good design.

    How items are designed will impact a lot of the other criteria included in this list. If an item doesn't have a good design, it won't capture or retain children's interest or be as durable or useful in the classroom.
  7. Items should be made from quality workmanship.

    Items made from quality workmanship will have a better design, will be more durable, and will be safer for children to use as they explore and learn in the classroom.
  8. Items should be safe for children to use.

    Safety should be of utmost concern when choosing items for children's use. Make sure the items you're considering are developmentally appropriate for the age group in your care and are not made by using any materials or paint that could harm children.
  9. Items should be cost effective.

    Items that meet the majority of or all of the criteria included in this list will probably be more expensive than their counterparts. Remember, paying a little more for quality items can be more cost effective in the long term than purchasing cheaper items that will not be as useful and will likely need to be replaced sooner rather than later.

Whether you're a first year teacher picking out items for your new teaching space or a veteran teacher looking for a few new items to spruce up your classroom, Kaplan has thousands of high-quality items that can promote learning in your classroom. Be sure to browse the rest of our website for ideas of what you can add in your classroom next.

Toys can be a great way to kickstart your child’s play and support your child’s development.

The best toys for children are ‘open-ended’. These are the toys that your child can use in lots of different ways. They encourage your child to use imagination, creativity and problem-solving skills.

Open-ended toys include:

  • blocks – your child can use blocks for stacking and building, make-believe and much more
  • balls – they’re great to bounce, look at, roll, hold and throw
  • cardboard boxes – your child can pretend these are shop counters, ovens, cars, boats, doll houses and more
  • dress-ups – with some hand-me-down clothes and bits of fabric, your child can become anything or anyone
  • crafty bits and pieces – children can get creative with coloured paper, stickers, crayons and washable markers
  • collections – your child can collect buttons, beads or coins, and sort by colour, pattern, size or shape.

Everyday household items like pots and pans, plastic containers, pegs, clothes baskets and blankets often make great open-ended toys. Just make sure that any household items your child plays with are safe, so avoid choking risks, sharp edges and other hazards.

Choosing toys for kids of different ages

Many toys have age-range information on their packaging. This can be useful, but it’s only a guide for play. Consider your child’s interests and stage of development to give you a better idea of what to choose.

Age-range information can be important for safety, however – for example, when toys contain small parts that a baby could swallow. In these cases, it’s wise to follow the recommended age-range information.

For babies, play is all about interactions with you or other carers or family members. Your baby will delight in watching your face, listening to your voice and simply being with you. Even play activities like looking at a brightly coloured mobile, listening to a wind-up musical toy, and learning to reach for a rattle are more fun when you and your baby do them together.

Toddlers love to play with boxes, building blocks, pegs, buckets and containers, and clothing for dress-ups. Toddlers also enjoy simple musical instruments that they can shake and bang, like a drum made from an upside-down pot and a wooden spoon.

Older children often like to solve problems and use their imagination. Puzzles or games that encourage your child to play with others are also good choices.

Toy libraries are a great way to keep surprising your child with new toys. Most toy libraries charge a membership fee, but you can borrow toys for free. You might also like to read more about homemade toys and free activities for kids.

Toys and your family values

You’re the person who decides what toys are OK for your child to play with in your home.

If you have strong feelings about certain toys, it can be a good idea to talk with your child. You could mention your family values. For example, ‘Guns can scare and hurt people very much. No-one in our family has a gun’.

But drawing too much attention to toys – for, example by banning them or refusing to buy them – can actually make your child want them more.

It might work better to try linking your family values with the way your child plays and uses toys in daily life.

For example, say your child wants a new plastic toy, but environmental values are important to you. Instead of buying the toy, you could help your child make toys from things around the house – and you could also talk with your child about how this is an example of recycling. Or if your child wants a tablet device or gaming console, you could try making more time to get outside to play together – and you could talk about how physical activity is better for your child’s body than screen time.

And whatever family values you decide to share with your child, it’s a good idea to be consistent. For example, children might get confused if they’re allowed to watch violent TV shows or play violent video games but aren’t allowed to play with toy guns.

If you don’t want other grown-ups to give your child certain toys as presents, just explain your feelings briefly and calmly. In the end, it’s your decision.

If you have fewer toys in your home, children can explore those objects fully. And if you happen to have a lot of toys, you can rotate them by putting some away from time to time.

Toy weapons and ‘sexy’ dolls

Some families find that particular types of toys don’t sit well with their family values – for example, toy weapons and dolls with a very grown-up body shape or clothing style.

Toy weapons
If your child plays with or makes toy weapons and you’re concerned, it’s a good idea to look at how your child is playing with the toy. For example, your child might be using the toy weapon as a prop in a make-believe game of cops and robbers. This might be OK with you.

But if your child is using the toy weapon aggressively towards other children, it’s not good for your child’s social and friendship skills. That’s because it can scare other children, who might not want to play with your child. It might help to guide your child towards friendlier ways to play – for example, ‘Why don’t you and May-Ling be on the same team and pretend you’re both fighting the bad guys?’ The weapon itself might not be the issue.

It’s pretty common for children to make toy guns out of everyday objects like sticks, celery or toast. This might not be something you want to encourage, but a gun made of toast doesn’t have the same power as a toy gun. A toast gun is a symbol, and children are less likely to use it to scare others.

Sexy-looking dolls
Playing with dolls can be great fun for your child, but some dolls have a grown-up, ‘sexy’ look. For example, some female dolls come with sexy clothing like microskirts, fishnet stockings and very high heels.

This might seem fun and innocent, but it can also create an image of women that you might not be comfortable with or want your child to copy. For example, these types of dolls can give children, especially girls, the message that the most important thing about them is the way they look, and that the best way to look is ‘sexy’.

Again, it’s worth watching to see how your child plays with dolls. If you’re concerned, you might want to offer dolls with more child-like features so your child is exposed to dolls of all styles and body shapes.

A ‘watch-and-see’ approach to toy guns and sexy-looking dolls might be the best way to decide how you feel about your child playing with these types of toys. In the end, it might just be a phase your child is going through and will pass by itself. But if it really worries you, you could suggest your child plays with something else.

Toys and advertising

Lots of toys have advertisements and marketing aimed at children.

Advertised toys are often designed to promote a particular type of play based on a movie or TV program. This doesn’t necessarily make them bad toys, but they might limit the play options for your child. This can happen if your child only plays with these toys to copy what happens in the TV shows, rather than using their imagination.

The way your child uses a toy is often far more important than the toy itself in determining the toy’s effects on your child’s development. Thinking about how your child might play with the toy can help you decide whether it’s the right one for you and your child.